This free audio Bible name pronunciation guide is a valuable tool in your study of Gods word. Unfortunately, this device does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording. For Yah[weh] comforts), governor of Judaea under Artaxerxes (apparently A. Crowdsourced audio pronunciation dictionary for 89 languages, with meanings, synonyms, sentence usages, translations and much more. Rate the pronunciation difficulty of Artaxerxes. (1) All are agreed that the Artaxerxes at whose court Ezra and Nehemiah were officials is Artaxerxes I, the son of Xerxes, commonly called Longimanus, who reigned from 465 to 424 BC. Now this is the copy of the decree which King Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest, the scribe, learned in the words of the commandments of the Lord and His statutes to Israel: Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace. Rehum the commander and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to King Artaxerxes, as follows, this is the copy of the letter which they sent to him:To King Artaxerxes: Your servants, the men in the region beyond the River, and now. This was probably the Cyaxares I. known by this name in profane history, the king of Media and the conqueror of Nineveh. What Every Christian Should Know about the Protestant Reformation. In a long chapter, he then gives his account of the story of Vashti, Esther and Mordecai. AudioPlayer.embed("audioplayer_7963", {soundFile: "http://biblespeak.org/wp-content/uploads/bbWa83.mp3", titles: "How to Pronounce THE_TITLE", autostart: "no", loop: "no", animation: "yes", remaining: "yes", noinfo: "no", initialvolume: "70", buffer: "5", encode: "no", checkpolicy: "no", rtl: "no", width: "100%", transparentpagebg: "no", bg: "E5E5E5", leftbg: "CCCCCC", lefticon: "333333", voltrack: "F2F2F2", volslider: "666666", rightbg: "B4B4B4", rightbghover: "999999", righticon: "333333", righticonhover: "FFFFFF", loader: "009900", track: "FFFFFF", tracker: "DDDDDD", border: "CCCCCC", skip: "666666", text: "333333"}); The Greek form of the name of several Persian kings. According to Josephus, "after the death of Xerxes, the kingdom came to be transferred to his son, Cyrus, whom the Greeks called Artaxerxes.". Consequently, a number of Jews returned to Jerusalem in 538 BC, and the foundation of this "Second Temple" was laid in 536 BC, in the second year of their return (Ezra 3:8). "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree. ), since obviously Sanballat was then in the prime of life. Williams published The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for Cause of Conscience, arguing for a separation of church and state based on biblical reasoning. Get Your Bible Minute in Your Inbox Every Morning. There is no doubt that by this Artaxerxes Josephus meant the first of that name; for in the Antiquities, XI, vi, 1 he says that "after the death of Xerxes, the kingdom came to be transferred to his son Cyrus, whom the Greeks called Artaxerxes." Keep up. You have earned {{app.voicePoint}} points. This Artaxerxes was the third son of Xerxes and was raised to the throne by Artabanus, the murderer of Xerxes. Therefore, the more informative Old Testament examples of civil government were "good" non-covenant kings such as Artaxerxes, who tolerated the Jews and did not insist that they follow his state religion.[23]. (1.) BibleSpeak offers the most comprehensive resource on the web for Bible name pronunciation. [7], Artaxerxes was probably born in the reign of his grandfather Darius I, to the emperor's son and heir, Xerxes I. The throne name of several Achaemenid rulers of the 1st Persian Empire: king of Persia who subdued numerous revolutions and made peace with Sparta (?-359 BC), The Turkish adjective uzun, ~j~J,t long, applied to I-,Iasan, the Turkoman monarch of Persia (called also by the Arabs Uasanu t-Tawil), is precisely the qualifying Persian word J!j) used in the compound designation of Artaxerxes Longimanus; and Malcolm quotes the statement of a Venetian envoy in evi, The legends are in Aramaic characters and Persian (Pahlavi) language; among them occur Artaxerxes, Darius (from a dynast of this name the town Darabjird, town of Darius, in eastern Persia seems to derive its name), Narses, Tiridates, Manocihr and others; the name Vahuburz seems to be identical wit. )-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 14 April 2023, at 03:35. The king mentioned in Ezra 4:6, probably the Cambyses of profane history, the son and successor of Cyrus (B.C. Register Now these are the heads of their fathers households and the genealogical enrollment of those who went up with me from Babylon in the reign of King Artaxerxes: And it came about in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, that wine was before him, and I took up the wine and gave it to the king. Ahasuerus definition, a king of ancient Persia, known to the Greeks as Xerxes: husband of the Biblical Esther. Unfortunately, this browser does not support voice recording. From Bible commentaries, to study tools, be sure to check out our complete reference list of books that will help you as you study and teach God's word. The last group of scholars regard "the seventh year" as a scribal error and hold that the two men were contemporaries. Hystaspes, the second brother, who seems to have been satrap of Bactria at the time of his father's death, rebelled, and after two battles was deprived of his power and probably of his life. Our editors will review what youve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The most important aspects of bible pronunciation of biblical words to focus on are: Stress and intonation (suprasegmentals) Sounds of individual vowels, consonants, digraphs, dipthongs and blends. 516, and the seventh of Artaxerxes Longimanus B.C. BibleSpeak offers the most comprehensive resource on the web for Bible name pronunciation. These are now the chief of their fathers, and this is the genealogy of them that went up with me from Babylon, in the reign of Artaxerxes the king. or post as a guest, Artaxerxes Longimanus should be in sentence. King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire from 465 to 424 BC, In most territories, Achaemenid rulers were succeeded by, Portrayal in the Book of Ezra and Nehemiah, The Greek form of the name is influenced by, Plutarch, Artaxerxes, l. 1. c. 1. He was surnamed in Greek Macrocheir ("Longhand") and in Latin Longimanus. The name Ahasuerus is derived from the Old Persian name of Xerxes I, Xayr, which means "king of all male; Hero among Kings." It was later borrowed into Hebrew and Latin, traditionally used in English Bibles. He then proceeds to show how he married a Jewish wife, who was herself of the royal family and who is related to have saved the nation of the Jews. Who was Artaxerxes in the Bible? The rebuilding of the Jewish community in Jerusalem had begun under Cyrus the Great, who had permitted Jews held captive in Babylon to return to Jerusalem and rebuild Solomon's Temple. If youre a Bible teacher, Pastor or Christian who wants to know how to pronounce those difficult Bible names correctly, look no further! After Cimon's failure to attain much in this expedition, hostilities ceased. Smith's Bible Dictionary. Click the PLAY button below to hear how to pronounce. Why Does God Compare Our Relationship with Him to That of a Bride and Groom? Artaxerxes I, (died 425 bc, Susa, Elam ), Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 465-425 bc). 464-425. In 448 fighting between the Achaemenids and the Athenians ended, and in the Samian and Peloponnesian wars Artaxerxes remained neutral; toward the Jews he pursued a tolerant policy. Artaxerxes I King of Kings Great King King of Persia King of Babylon Pharaoh of Egypt King of Countries Relief of Artaxerxes I, from his tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam King of Kingsof the Achaemenid Empire Reign 465-424 BC Predecessor Xerxes I Successor Xerxes II Born Unknown Died 424 BC, Susa Language links are at the top of the page across from the title. Later sources argue that the purported Peace of Callias was agreed among Athens, Argos and Persia in 449BC; however, the existence of a formal treaty between the Greek States and Persia is disputed. You've got the pronunciation of Artaxerxes Longimanus right. 522, and reigned eight months. In the world of words and the diversity of accents and local dialects, some words can be extremely hard to pronounce. Register He invaded Greece with an army, it is said, of more than 2,000,000 soldiers, only 5,000 of whom returned with him. [18][20] However, Ezra appears for the first time in Nehemiah 8, having probably been at the court for twelve years.[21]. Shortly after his accession, Artaxerxes put his older brother Darius to death; and a little later, Artabanus, who perhaps aimed to make himself king, was killed. Who is Artaxerxes in the Bible? We recommend you to try Safari. After a period of strife, the temple was finally completed in the sixth year of Darius, 516 BC (Ezra 6:15). Also, Artaxerxes I gave him Magnesia, Myus, and Lampsacus to maintain him in bread, meat, and wine. The first Artaxerxes is mentioned in ( Ezra 4:7 ) and appears identical with Smerdis, the Magian impostor and pretended brother of Cambyses, who usurped the throne B.C. Artaxerxes, also known as Artaxerxes I Longimanus, was the King of Persia from 465 BC to 424 BC. This is available on every Bible name page and shows the phonetic pronunciation of every word. Pronunciation of Artaxerxes I Longimanus with 2 audio pronunciations. He may have been the "Artasyrus" mentioned by Herodotus as being a satrap of the royal satrapy of Bactria. You can contribute this audio pronunciation of Artaxerxes Longimanus to HowToPronounce dictionary. And in the days of Artaxerxes The same with Ahasuerus, in the preceding verse; and who also is Cambyses, which is his name in Heathen authors, Artaxerxes being a common name to the kings of Persia; though some F6 think this was Smerdis, the magician and impostor, who was between Cambyses and Darius; but as he reigned but seven months, it is not very likely that he should be wrote unto, and an answer received from him; besides he sent to every nation he ruled over F7, and so to the Jews, and proclaimed to them freedom from tribute and the militia for three years, to ingratiate himself to them: wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their companions; or his company; for Jarchi thinks only one person is meant; that Mithredath Tabeel is the name of one of the adversaries of Judah; and that Bishlam is an appellative, and signifies that he wrote in peace, or in a way of salutation and greeting; but they seem to be the names of governors in the cities of Samaria under the king of Persia: these wrote. But according to Aristotle (in Politics 5.1311b), Artabanus killed Darius first and then killed Xerxes. All rights reserved. The first Artaxerxes is mentioned in ( Ezra 4:7) and appears identical with Smerdis, the Magian impostor and pretended brother of Cambyses, who usurped the throne B.C. Oops! ArtaxerxesI offered asylum to Themistocles, who was probably his father Xerxes's greatest enemy for his victory at the Battle of Salamis, after Themistocles was ostracized from Athens. This assumption would imply that the biblical account is not chronological. You can contribute this audio pronunciation of Artaxerxes to HowToPronounce dictionary. Keep up. (BIBLE) Julien Miquel 655K subscribers Join Subscribe 3.6K views 1 year ago Pronounce Bible Names & Words | Biblical. According to Ctesias (in Persica 20), Artabanus then accused Crown Prince Darius, Xerxes's eldest son, of the murder, and persuaded Artaxerxes to avenge the patricide by killing Darius. Words meaning, dictionary definition, explanation.\rArtaxerxes I was the fifth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465 to 424 BC. Why Does God Compare Our Relationship with Him to That of a Bride and Groom? It seems more probable, however, that Artaxerxes I is the king referred to; and there is little doubt that the identification of the Artaxerxes of Ezra 4:7 with the pseudo-Smerdis would never have been thought of had it not been for the difficulty of explaining the reference to him in this place. According to a paper published in 2011,[24] the discrepancy in Artaxerxes limb lengths may have arisen as a result of the inherited disease neurofibromatosis. ARTAXERXES ar-taks-urk'-sez (Artaxerxes): Is the Greek and Latin form of one, and perhaps of two or three kings of Persia mentioned in the Old Testament. If you want to know how to pronounce Bible names correctly, be sure to check out our Bible Pronunciation Guide. This is available on every Bible name page and shows the phonetic pronunciation of every word. Artaxerxes I died in 424 BC, and was succeeded by his son Xerxes II, and later by two other sons, Sogdianus and Ochus, the last of whom assumed the regnal name of Darius, whom the Greeks surnamed Nothus. And in the days of Artaxerxes, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel and the rest of his colleagues wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the text of the letter was written in Aramaic and translated from Aramaic. Log in or He invaded Greece with an army, it is said, of more than 2,000,000 soldiers, only 5,000 of whom returned with him. The king mentioned in Ezra 7:1, in the seventh year (B.C. 485). Who was Artaxerxes in the Bible? Corrections? You have earned {{app.voicePoint}} points. Inaros was captured and carried away to Susa. 6 At the beginning of the reign of Xerxes, they lodged an accusation against the people of Judah and Jerusalem. Record the pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it to listen to how you have pronounced it. If youre a Bible teacher, Pastor or Christian who wants to know how to pronounce those difficult Bible names correctly, look no further! This video shows you How to Pronounce Artaxerxes (BIBLE), pronunciation guide.\rHear MORE NAMES \u0026 WORDS from HISTORY pronounced: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WG3xYUfWk1M\u0026list=PLd_ydU7Boqa2hVzcp4rXsgrjg2Ynoba9U \rListen how to say this word/name correctly with Julien (English vocabulary videos), \"how do you pronounce\" free pronunciation audio/video tutorials.\r\rLearn how to say words in English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, and many other languages with Julien Miquel and his pronunciation tutorials! A few months later, Artaxerxes slew Artabanus in a hand-to-hand fight. Artaxerxes How to Pronounce Artaxerxes We've all struggled to pronounce Bible names and places, especially those pesky Old Testament names! American Pronunciation Guide 74.3K subscribers Subscribe 12K views. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Word of the day - in your inbox every day, 2023 HowToPronounce. Unfortunately, this device does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording. In the LXX. In 465 BC, Xerxes I was murdered by Hazarapat ("commander of thousand") Artabanus, the commander of the royal bodyguard and the most powerful official in the Persian court, with the help of a eunuch, Aspamitres. There is no question that the Ahasuerus of the . 7 And in the days of Artaxerxes king of Persia . Along with our online pronunciation guide, BibleSpeak also provides links to some of the best resources for Bible study available today. In ( Nehemiah 2:1) we have another Artaxerxes. Along with our online pronunciation guide, BibleSpeak also provides links to some of the best resources for Bible study available today. Artaxerxes I, (died 425 bc, Susa, Elam [now in Iran]), Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 465-425 bc ). that Artaxerxes Ochus in the course of his campaign against Egypt transported a detachment of Jews to Hyrcania does not prove that Judaea as a whole had revolted. Congrats! He was the third son of Xerxes I. When ArtaxerxesI took power, he introduced a new Persian strategy of weakening the Athenians by funding their enemies in Greece. Also known as: Artakhshathra I, Artaxerxes I Macrocheir, Longimanus. {{app.userTrophy[app.userTrophyNo].hints}}. The king sent Nehemiah to Jerusalem with letters of safe passage to the governors in Trans-Euphrates, and to Asaph, keeper of the royal forests, to make beams for the citadel by the Temple and to rebuild the city walls. This free audio Bible name pronunciation guide is a valuable tool in your study of Gods word. How to say Artaxerxes Longimanus in English? The Persians retreated to Memphis, and the Athenians were finally defeated in 454 BC, by the Persian army led by Megabyzus, after a two-year siege. Moreover, from the day that I was appointed to be their governor in the land of Judah, from the twentieth year to the thirty-second year of King Artaxerxes, for twelve years, neither I nor my kinsmen have eaten the governors food allowance. Subscribe to learn and pronounce a new word each day! 14 Bible Verses about Artaxerxes The King Most Relevant Verses Ezra 4:7 Verse Concepts And in the days of Artaxerxes, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel and the rest of his colleagues wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the text of the letter was written in Aramaic and translated from Aramaic. Wikipedia Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artaxerxes_IDied: 424 BC, SusaSpouse: DamaspiaPlace of burial: Naqsh-e Rostam, IranChildren: Darius II, Xerxes II, Sogdianus, Parysatis, ArsitesParents: Xerxes I, AmestrisGrandchildren: Artaxerxes II, Cyrus the Younger, Artabazanes, Ostanes, AmestrisGrandparents: Darius the Great, Atossa, MasistesPeople also search forXerxes IDarius IIArtaxerxes IIDarius the GreatSource: https://www.google.com/search?q=ArtaxerxesVideo Tags:\rhow, to, pronounce, artaxerxes, bible, meaning, definition, what does it mean, vocabulary, american, english, word, improve, beginners, united states, british, pronunciation guide, how do you say, tutorial, how to say, learn, how do you pronounce, dictionary, explained, context, sentences, examples, speech, training, course, uk, language, native speaker, synonyms, study, sounds, speak, speaking, audio, australia, india, accent As if the spelling and pronunciation of Ahasuerus and Artaxerxes were not problematic enough for the average Bible student, one must also consider these Persian kings in light of the order in which they are mentioned in the book of Ezra. He was surnamed in Greek Macrocheir ("Longhand") and in Latin Longimanus. Salem Media Group. version of the Book of Esther the name Artaxerxes occurs for Ahasuerus. Weve all struggled to pronounce Bible names and places, especially those pesky Old Testament names! After Artaxerxes discovered the murder, he killed Artabanus and his sons.[9][10]. Unfortunately, this browser does not support voice recording. [19] These difficulties have led many scholars to assume that Ezra arrived in the seventh year of the rule of Artaxerxes II, i.e. The Septuagint (Greek translation of the Old Testament . Updates? (segmentals) o Vowels are the letter a, e, I, o, u and sometimes y. o Consonants are all the other letters. 11:129 - cited by Ussher, Annals, para. They write new content and verify and edit content received from contributors. Record the pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it to listen to how you have pronounced it. 486-465). Most commentators equate Esther's king with Xerxes I (485-465 BC), son of Darius I, the fourth emperor of the Achaemenid Empirethus the translation in some modern versions. This funding practice inevitably prompted renewed fighting in 450BC, where the Greeks attacked at the Battle of Cyprus. Weve all struggled to pronounce Bible names and places, especially those pesky Old Testament names! The text does not specify whether the king in the passage refers to Artaxerxes I (465424 BC) or to Artaxerxes II (404359 BC). Artaxerxes had to face a revolt in Egypt in 460454 BC led by Inaros II, who was the son of a Libyan prince named Psamtik, presumably descended from the Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt. Rate the pronunciation difficulty of Artaxerxes Longimanus. [5][6] He was the third son of Xerxes I. In 460 BC, Inaros II revolted against the Persians with the help of his Athenian allies, and defeated the Persian army commanded by satrap Akheimenes. Oops! After some time, however, I asked leave from the king, New American Standard Bible Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. What Every Christian Should Know about the Protestant Reformation. [22], Roger Williams, a 17th-century Christian minister and founder of Rhode Island, interpreted several passages in the Old and New Testament to support limiting government interference in religious matters. The tomb of Artaxerxes is at Naqsh-e Rustam. Ezra 8:1 chapter context similar meaning copy save. Nehemiah related to him the plight of the Jewish people and that the city of Jerusalem was undefended. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Congrats! 5 They bribed officials to work against them and frustrate their plans during the entire reign of Cyrus king of Persia and down to the reign of Darius king of Persia. In the LXX. 486-465). Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, there went up Ezra son of Seraiah, son of Azariah, son of Hilkiah. 0 rating. Zopyrus, the son of Megabyzus at a later time, while satrap of Lycia and Caria, led a rebellion in which he was assisted by the Greeks. Very difficult. 458. . Please He was a son of King Xerxes (Ahasuerus) and is often referred to as Artaxerxes I Longimanus. Do We See Any Gospel Connections in the Book of Numbers? Verset: Esdras 4 : 7: Et du temps d'Artaxerxs ('Artachshashta'), Bischlam, Mithredath, Thabeel, et le reste de leurs collgues, crivirent Artaxerxs ('Artachshashta'), roi de Perse.La lettre fut transcrite en caractres aramens et traduite en aramen. some 50 years after Nehemiah. Easy. Since you have exceeded your time limit, your recording has been stopped. Click the PLAY button below to hear how to pronounce. Williams believed that Israel was a unique covenant kingdom and not an appropriate model for New Testament Christians who believed that the Old Testament covenant had been fulfilled. to Artaxerxes king of Persia; instigated by the Samaritans: and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the Syrian tongue; or Chaldee, of which Ezra gives a copy in the Chaldee language; the meaning either is, that it was written both in Syriac letters, and in the Syriac language; for sometimes words are written in one language and in the character of another, as the Syriac is sometimes written in, Hebrew characters, and the Hebrew in Roman; or else there was a postscript added to this letter, explaining some things in it, which also was written in the same language: some take F8 the word "nishtevan", rendered "written", to be the name of a province on the borders of the country beyond Euphrates, whose figure and characters were in high esteem, and fit to write in to kings; but the words and language were Syrian, and needed interpretation. Ezra and Nehemiah both traveled from Persia to Jerusalem from the court of Artaxerxes. We recommend you to try Safari. The son of Darius Hystaspes, the king named in the Book of Esther. 1179, The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for Cause of Conscience, List of biblical figures identified in extra-biblical sources, "Israel among the Nations: The Persian Period", "Nehemiah 8 Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers", "Limb gigantism, neurofibromatosis and royal heredity in the Ancient World 2500 years ago: Achaemenids and Parthians", 2,500-year celebration of the Persian Empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artaxerxes_I&oldid=1149734926, 5th-century BC Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, Pharaohs of the Achaemenid dynasty of Egypt, Articles containing Old Persian (ca.
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